Liquid Studio Documentation
Data Mapping / Data Mapper Functions / By Category / JSON / JSON Source
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    JSON Source
    In This Topic

    Function Name
    JSON Data Source
    Allows data to be read from a JSON file.
    Filename The value will be treated as a filename and loaded into a JSON Document.
    (can not be connected if 'JSON String' is connected)
    JSON String The value will be treated as raw JSON data and parsed into the JSON Document.
    (can not be connected if 'Filename' is connected)
    Data Items in source The items reflect the contents of the JSON Schema selected.
    General Specify the name of the Source component
    Structure Specify the JSON Schema.
    Source Data Specify default filename to load if neither of the inputs are connected


    Allows JSON documents to be used as a data source within the Data Mapper.


    The component has 2 inputs, 'Filename' and 'JSON String', only one of these can be used at a time (you can only connect one of them within a given transform).

    If the 'Filename' input is connected then the value read from the connector will be treated as the filename for the JSON document to load (if the connector provides a sequence of filenames, then multiple JSON documents are loaded).

    If the 'JSON String' input is connected then the value read from the connector will be treated as raw JSON data and loaded into the document (if the connector provides a sequence of values, then each is treated as a separate JSON document and multiple documents are loaded).

    If neither of the inputs are connected then the filename is taken from the default filename (accessible via the properties window).

    Creating an JSON data source

    To begin, drag the JSON Source component from the JSON section of the Component Palette onto a new Data Mapper file.

    This will cause the wizard to launch


    In order to read data from a JSON document, the Data Mapper needs to be aware of its structure.

    Json Schema

    Loads the JSON Schema from the file specified.

    Infer a JSON Schema from a sample JSON document.

    If you don't have a JSON Schema then you can infer one from a sample JSON document, select this option and press next.


    This wizard page allows you to infer a JSON Schema from a sample JSON document.

    Sample JSON filename

    A JSON file containing data that is representative of the data you intend to load. The better the sample data the better the results.

    As far as possible ensure that the file contains all the possible combinations of data you expect to see, and try to show objects with and without optional fields.

    If your data is very complex you may need to refine the results afterwards using the JSON Schema Editor.

    JSON Schema filename

    The generated JSON Schema fill be written here.

    JSON Schema Encoding

    The encoding used to write the JSON Schema.

    Force Required

    Makes objects definitions required/mandatory if it that has not been identified as optional. If this is not set then all objects are declared as optional.

    Infer Enums

    When checked the values within objects and arrays are generated as Enumerated values using the unique values in the sample document.

    so if an array contained ["true", "false", "false", "false", "true" ] this would be inferred as an enumeration with the values "true", "false".

    This option works well on large sample documents, but on small sample sets it can cause the creation of values as enumerations, when in fact they should contain free text.

    Infer Enum Tolerance

    A tolerance factor for determining if a set of values can be considered an enumeration or free text.

    They will be considered an enumeration if (NoOfSamples/UniqueValues) > InferEnumTolorence.

    Array Rules

    Default Additional Items

    Indicates if additional items are allowed within the schemas definitions produced. This is a 3 state field.

    Default Additional Properties

    Indicates if additional properties are allowed within the schemas definitions produced. This is a 3 state field.

    Allows you to select the JSON data that this components represents.

    No default JSON Data

    No data is associated with the JSON Reader, it is expected that either the 'Filename' or 'JSON String' input values will be connected within the transform.

    Read the default JSON data from a file

    JSON Data is read from the filename provided (the filename can be an absolute path or can be a relative path which will be evaluated relative to the transform file)

    Generate a default JSON file

    A sample JSON document is generated from the JSON Schema.

    Complex rules within the schema may mean this will not be 100% compliant with the schema


    When the wizard is complete pressing the Finish button will created the EDI Source on the transform.

    To better understand the way in which the JSON schema is translated into the JSON Reader component, see How a JSON Schema is translated into a Data Mapper Component.

    The quality of the source JSON schema has a significant effect on the resulting JSON Reader Component, if the schema is poorly typed, then you will see a lot of duplicate entries (differing only by type).

    If multiple inputs files are opened (if multiple 'Filename' or 'JSON String' values are provided), then the root item will be a sequence (each holding a document corresponding to the input source).

    See Also